Of Printing Terms
term, two or more parallel folds which open like an accordion.
grain: At right angles to direction of paper grain.
Change in copy of specifications after production has begun.
Alternate term for mechanical art.
printing: Printing the second side of a sheet already printed
on one side.
Method of packaging printed pieces of paper using rubber or paper
Weight in pounds of a ream of paper cut to the basic size for its
To fasten sheets or signatures with wire, thread, glue. or by other
The finishing department of a print shop or firm specializing in
finishing printed products.
The thick rubber mat on a printing press that transfers ink from
the plate to paper.
Printing that goes to the edge of the sheet after trimming.
An image pressed into a sheet without ink or foil.
A blue photographic proof used to check position of all image elements.
carbon: Business form with paper and carbon paper.
Strong durable paper grade used for letterheads and business forms.
color: Also known as a color break. To separate mechanically
or by software the parts to be printed in different colors.
The brilliance or reflectance of paper.
Boxing printed product without wrapping or banding.
Exposing a printing plate to high intensity light or placing an
image on a printing plate by light.
Joining images without overlapping.
Pressure sensitive writing paper that does not use carbon.
copy: Print ready mechanical art.
A type of binding used in making hard cover books using glue.
Coated paper with a high gloss reflective finish.
A clay coated printing paper with a smooth finish.
A finishing term for gathering paper in a precise order.
A quality control term regarding the spots of ink color on the tail
of a sheet.
Methods of improving color separations.
Color proofs in layers of acetate:
system: A system of formulated ink colors used for communicating
The process of preparing artwork, photographs, transparencies, or
computer generated art for printing by separating into the four
primary printing colors.
To plastic comb bind by inserting the comb into punched holes.
film: Combining two or more images on one or more pieces of
copy: Illustrations, photographs or computer files that contain
gradient tones from black to white or light to dark.
The tonal change in color from light to dark
furnished material or disc used in the production of a printed product.
A heavy printing paper used to cover books, make presentation
Numbering paper by pressing an image on the first sheet which
is transferred to all parts of the printed set.
Trade name for DuPont color proofs.
cut off parts of a picture or image.
Printed lines showing where to trim a printed sheet.
One of four standard process colors. The blue color.
A quality control devise to measure the density of printing
The degree of color or darkness of an image or photograph.
Metal rule or imaged block used to cut or place an image on paper
in the finishing process.
Curing images in or out of paper.
Exposing a plate to multiple images.
Portions of artwork that do not print.
A rough layout of a printed piece showing position and finished
A halftone picture made up of two printed colors.
Pressing an image into paper so that it will create a raised
A metallic or pigmented coating on plastic sheets or rolls used
in foil stamping and foil embossing.
Foil stamping and embossing a image on paper with a die.
Using a die to place a metallic or pigmented image on paper.
The process of combining four basic colors to create a printed color
picture or colors composed from the basic four colors.
Two folds at right angles to each other.
proof: Text copy before it is put into a mechanical layout or
Stages of reproduction from original copy. A first generation
reproduction yields the best quality.
shiny look reflecting light.
The direction in which the paper fiber lie.
The metal fingers on a printing press that hold the paper as it
passes through the press.
A very thin line or gap about the width of a hair or 1/100 inch.
Converting a continuous tone to dots for printing.
The output of a computer printer, or typed text sent for typesetting.
unplanned spots that appear in the printed image from dust, lint,
paper: A paper made thicker than its standard basis weight.
The lightest areas in a picture or halftone.
area: Portion of paper on which ink can appear.
Positioning printed pages so they will fold in the proper order.
Putting an image on paper.
Adding copy to a previously printed page.
Postal information place on a printed product.
Lines on mechanical art that show position of photographs or illustrations.
cut: To cut the top layer of a pressure sensitive sheet and
not the backing.
To mask out an image.
finish: Simulating the surface of handmade paper.
To cover with film, to bond or glue one surface to another.
High contrast copy not requiring a halftone.
Process red, one of the basic colors in process color.
All the activities required to prepare a press for printing.
Trade name for 3M integral color proof.
Dull paper or ink finish
Camera ready art all contained on one board.
separation: Mechanical art overlay for each color to be printed.
The image on film that makes the white areas of originals black
and black areas white.
blue: A blue color the camera cannot see. Used in marking up
Using an intermediate surface used to transfer ink. Also, an
unpleasant happening when the images of freshly printed sheets transfer
images to each other.
Term for uncoated book paper.
Final approved color inking sheet before production begins.
Removing the background of a picture or silhouetting an image in
The transparent cover sheet on artwork often used for instructions.
count: Total number of pages in a book including blanks.
A type of binding that glues the edge of sheets to a cover like
a telephone book, Microsoft software manual, or Country Living Magazine.
Unit of measure in typesetting. One pica = 1/6 inch
abbreviated name of the Pantone Color Matching System.
name for photomechanical transfer. Often used to make position prints.
The computer language most recognized by printing devices.
A method of numbering manufacturing business forms or tickets.
paper: Paper material with self sticking adhesive covered by
a backing sheet.
The blue or cyan color in process printing.
Cyan (blue), magenta (process red), yellow (process yellow), black
left: Type that is justified to the right margin and the line
lengths vary on the left.
Type that is justified to the left margin and the line lengths vary
on the right.
Five hundred sheets of paper.
copy: Copy that is not transparent.
To position print in the proper position in relation to the
edge of the sheet and to other printing on the same sheet.
marks: Cross-hair lines or marks on film, plates, and paper
that guide strippers, platemakers, pressmen, and bindery personnel
in processing a print order from start to finish.
The opposite of what you see. Printing the background of an
image. For example; type your name on a piece of paper. The reverse
of this would be a black piece of paper with a white name.
A method of making printing negatives from PostScript files created
by desktop publishing.
stitch: Binding a booklet or magazine with staples in the seam
where it folds.
Device used to make color separations, halftones, duo tones
and tri tones. Also a device used to scan art, pictures or drawings
in desktop publishing.
crease put on paper to help it fold better.
Frequently a desktop publishers nightmare. The angles at which
halftone, duo tones, tri tones, and color separation printing films
are placed to make them look right.
Using the same paper as the text for the cover.
darkest areas of a photograph.
Printing on one side of a sheet that can be seen on the other side
of the sheet.
The mechanical register unit on a printing press that positions
a sheet from the side.
Binding by stapling along one side of a sheet.
A sheet of printed pages which when folded become a part of
a book or publication.
halftone: A term used for an outline halftone.
Planned paper waste for all printing operations.
Varnish used to hilight a specific part of the printed sheet.
Term for foil stamping.
Term for inexpensive print of line copy or halftone.
A procedure for placing the same image on plates in multiple places.
The material to be printed.
The positioning of film on a flat prior to platemaking.
paper: Grades of uncoated paper with textured surfaces.
shade of a single color or combined colors.
copy: A film that light must pass through for it to be seen
ink: A printing ink that does not conceal the color under it.
The ability to print one ink over the other.
The final size of one printed image after the last trim is made.
Printing two or three up means printing multiple copies of the same
image on the same sheet.
Liquid laminate bonded and cured with ultraviolet light. Environmentally
A clear liquid applied to printed surfaces for looks and protection.
(UV coating looks better.)
halftone: A halftone whose background gradually fades to white.
Removing printing ink from a press, washing the rollers and blanket.
Certain ink colors require multiple washups to avoid ink and chemical
A term for planned spoilage.
A distinctive design created in paper at the time of manufacture
that can be easily seen by holding the paper up to a light.
A roll of printing paper.
The name of a type of presses that print from rolls of paper.
grain: Folding or feeding paper into the press or folder parallel
to the grain of the paper.
tumble: Printing one side of a sheet and turning it over from
the gripper to the tail to print the second side using the same
side guide and plate for the second side.
turn: Printing one side of a sheet and turning it over from
left to right using the same side guides and plate for the second
A paper having a uniform unlined surface with a smooth finish.